Unhealthy Lifestyle Can Be Measured By Bmi

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Unhealthy Lifestyle Can Be Measured By Bmi

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Waist Circumference As A Vital Sign In Clinical Practice: A Consensus Statement From The Ias And Iccr Working Group On Visceral Obesity

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Hadiya Radwan 1, Mahra Al Kitbi 2, Haider Hassan 1, Marwa Al Hilali 3, Nada Abbas 4, Rena Hamadeh 4, Eman Rasheed Seif 2 and Farah Naja 1, 4, *

Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Research Institute of Medical and Health Sciences (RIMHS), College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah 27272, United Arab Emirates

New Research Finds That With Obesity, The Problem Isn’t An Excess Of Fat But Its Loss Of Function

Received: 16 January 2021 / Updated: 1 February 2021 / Approved: 11 February 2021 / Published: 18 February 2021

Background: Lockdown measures have been introduced in many countries to reduce the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, such restrictions can lead to unintended negative consequences in the course of life. The main objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and indicators of behavioral change during the COVID-19 lockdown among residents of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Methods: A cross-sectional online survey of adults living in the UAE was conducted at the time of service closure (n = 2060). Using a multi-item questionnaire, data collected included questions about the following lifestyle changes: eating more food, gaining weight, exercising less, sleeping less, and smoking more. The number of non-life-changing events was calculated based on the number of non-life-changing medical events reported by each participant. In addition, sociodemographic information and health status were collected. Descriptive statistics as well as simple and multiple linear regression analyzes were used to examine the prevalence and correlations of the non-health variables considered in this study. Results: Among non-lifestyle changes, overeating was the most common (31.8%), followed by weight loss (30%), weight gain (29.4%), decreased poor sleep (20.8%), and increased smoking. 21%). %). In addition to identifying the correlation of each of the health variables mentioned above, the results of the multiple linear regression analysis revealed the following data for the non-health variables: women (β = 0.32, CI: 0.22; 0.42), living country. . Apartment (β = 0.12, CI: 0.003; 0.23) and overweight/obesity (β = 0.24, CI: 0.15; 0.32) had higher scores, while adults (>40 years) had lower scores (β = -0.23, CI: – 0.34; -0.12). Conclusion: The COVID-19 lockdown has led to the spread of unhealthy lifestyles and habits among the UAE population. The results of this study provided an evidence base for authorities to design measures targeting vulnerable groups and aiming to improve health conditions among people during the pandemic.

In late 2019, a new coronavirus called severe respiratory disease coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) or coronavirus disease (COVID-19) appeared. It is a highly contagious viral disease that first appeared in Wuhan, China [1]. and spread rapidly within China and around the world. This lead the World Health Organization (WHO) to recognize COVID-19 as a global pandemic [2] on March 11, 2020. As of June 26, 2020, nearly 10 million cases have been confirmed in 215 countries [3] and the first case in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was detected on January 19, 2020 [4] with 46,973 confirmed cases as of June 26, 2020 [5].

To date there is no effective treatment for COVID-19 infection, and the only way to fight this epidemic is to increase awareness and prevention by implementing isolation measures and improving immune function [6, 7]. In response to COVID-19, many countries have implemented preventive measures such as disinfection measures and partial or complete lockdowns to reduce the spread of the virus. The UAE health authorities use many preventive measures to protect public health in accordance with the laws and regulations of the World Health Organization. On March 22, 2020, UAE authorities implemented strict infection control and partial lockdown [8], which forced many people to stay at home (study and work from home). However, that move may bring sudden and big changes in the lives of citizens. Lockdown has affected lifestyle by staying at home, storing more food, disrupting one’s schedule and increasing anxiety to hear the ongoing news of the virus and its spread [9]. Such a situation can lead to changes in diet, exercise and sleeping habits, as well as psychological influences [9, 10, 11, 12].

Body Mass Index Is Not The Best Measure Of Health

In fact, this new situation can prevent people from going shopping every day and affect their healthy food choices and subsequently refined grains, ready-to-eat and unhealthy foods, high in salt, sugar and fat. . Such dietary patterns increase the risks of chronic diseases such as obesity, heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, some types of cancer and chronic kidney disease [13]. Additionally, restricted movement due to confinement forces many people to stay at home and reduce their physical activity [10] and lead to more sedentary behavior, which increases the risk of chronic disease [14]. It is noteworthy that gyms and recreation areas were included in the lockdown closure, so they were not available for people to exercise and exercise. Additionally, lockdown measures have reportedly been linked to depression and loneliness as the situation takes the world into uncharted waters. Such conditions may result from loss of normality and reduced social and physical relationships with others [15]. Studies have shown that sleep is important for emotional and mental health and helps cope with stress and anxiety [11]. However, some people’s sleep patterns can be disrupted during a crisis.

In the UAE, reports before the COVID-19 pandemic have raised alarming concerns about the prevalence of lifestyle-related diseases and their risk in the country. For example, 77% of all deaths in the UAE are caused by cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases, and the probability of premature death from these other diseases is estimated at 17% [16]. Common risk factors for these diseases in the UAE are high body mass index, systolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose and total cholesterol [17]. Therefore, it is important to assess the impact of lifestyle restrictions in order to develop evidence-based prevention programs aimed at reducing the burden of unhealthy lifestyles and their impact on the health of the UAE population. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and indicators of adverse behavior change during the COVID-19 lockdown in the UAE population, including diet, weight status, exercise, sleep and smoking. A secondary objective was to examine perceptions of good health practices and mental health during the COVID-19 lockdown among study participants.

An online survey was conducted between 5-18 May 2020 to assess the health and nutrition habits of adults living in the UAE during the country’s COVID-19 lockdown. The questionnaire was distributed to 13,500 adults via email and text message. A list of email addresses and telephone numbers was obtained from the records of the High Court of Family Affairs, Department of Public Health, Sharjah and their networks in various states of the UAE. Adults, male and female, aged 18 years and above and residing in the UAE were eligible to complete the questionnaire. Participants must be fluent in English or Arabic. The Internet survey included a link to an online questionnaire in Google Forms with unlimited questions in English and Arabic. Before starting to complete the online survey, participants were given an information form explaining the survey’s purpose, methodology, and time required.

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